To reduce Russia's technological development gap, a significant increase in investment in research and development is needed

Speaking at the first meeting of the Supervisory Board of the National Association for technology transfer (NATT), Minister of economic development Maxim Oreshkin reported on the lack of Russian investment in research and development. The share of business in the total investment does not exceed 30%. "It is obvious that the preservation of the current ratios will mean a further lag in technological development, and hence in competitiveness," Maxim Oreshkin said.

The Minister said that investments in research and development in Russia now account for about 1.0% of GDP. In China, this figure is 2.1%, in the US - 2.7%. At the same time, in China, investments made by business make up 76% of the total, in the US the contribution of the business community is 62%. 

One of the main directions and measures of implementation of the state policy in the field of scientific and technological development is the formation of a system of technological transfer, which involves the transfer of the results of scientific and experimental research for further use in economic activities. Maxim Oreshkin stressed that the effectiveness of research can be achieved only if they fully meet the objectives of the real development of the economy and increase productivity. 

According to the Minister, the national Association of technology transfer already has many market participants in the technology transfer in Russia, accumulate their experience and demands, summarizes the efforts for methodological support of processes of technology transfer. He said that within the framework of the Association it is planned to create a unified register of technological developments, methodological formation of the basis for the export of Russian technologies, expansion of human resources, participation in the implementation of interdisciplinary projects. "Another important project is to create an inter - University center for technology transfer, which would ensure the centralization of relevant competencies and inter-sectoral cooperation" - said Maxim Oreshkin. 

At the same time, NATT should play a key role in the development of innovative scientific and technological centers, which are created in accordance with the Federal law No. 216, adopted on the initiative of the Ministry of economic development. The Association will be able to act as a catalyst for technology transfer between the participants of such centers, providing them with access to methodology, expert and consulting support. 


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