Innovation path: nanotech is more than an industry

On August 25, 2008, Profil magazine published an article by Boris Gryzlov, Chairman of the State Duma ,entitled " Innovative path: nanotech— more than an industry»

Today, the development of nanotechnology is a recognized priority of state policy. The total amount of funding for  already existing programs in this area should be about 220  billion rubles. And  this is just the beginning  - the domestic business has not yet said its weighty word.

In late July, at the international conference on nanotechnology in  the United States, figures were announced that allow us to talk about the  comparability of government spending on nanotechnology in this country and in Of Russia. And   USA, and Russia plans to spend almost the same amount — the more interesting it will be in a few years to compare the results,that is, to assess the effectiveness of public policy.

Why is this direction so important today?

The global nanotechnology market is growing exponentially. If in  2007 sales here were 50  billion dollars, then   forecast for  2008  - already 150  billion, by  2010  - 800  billion, by  2015  - over 2  trillion dollars. That is for  eight years is expected to grow in  forty times. Such estimates are provided by foreign experts. We  see the exceptional attractiveness of the market not only for States, but and  for businesses.

It is important to understand that nanotechnology  is not  one specific industry. The range of their  applications is much wider. After all, we are essentially talking about  the ability to design at the  level of atoms and   molecules. And  although  at first glance, such a skill may seem only an exotic theoretical task, some products that in  their essence may well be considered as nanotechnological, are already being produced. In fact, nanotechnology has suprasectoral functions  - in practice, nanotechnology is associated with a wide range of industries, from  microelectronics to   medicine.

Thus, the created nanoelectronics products will have much higher characteristics, including providing high energy-saving parameters. At the same time, multi-core and multiprocessor systems can be used to model nanotechnological processes, substances, and devices, which in turn will be an incentive to implement projects to   create supercomputers. I would like to note that  among the proposals of the deputies of the parliamentary faction "United Russia "to the draft Federal budget for 2009-2011, there was additional funding for the" supercomputer " direction in  the amount of two billion rubles. In as a result of consultations in   "zero reading" mode with  representatives of the Ministry of Finance, our initiative found support.

If we talk about medicine,   drugs created on the basis of  nanopowder will be better absorbed, will be able to be delivered directly to   the diseased organ. The use of nanotechnologies allows, for example, to significantly increase the efficiency and  availability of such procedures as blood plasma purification — plasmapheresis. Only this, according to estimates, will reduce by almost a third the risk of cardiovascular diseases — the   main cause of death today. In other words, we will be able to talk about another step towards solving the long-term goals of the Strategy 2020, related to increasing the life expectancy of Russian citizens.

It is obvious that enterprises that in the  foreseeable future will master nanotechnological methods for mass production will gain huge competitive advantages.

Since the range of applications of nanotechnology is wide,  having mastered nanotechnology and having implemented them in many industries, a huge technological leap will be made by entire States. In other words, it is not just the competitiveness of individual firms, but of countries and countries. And  that is why the development of nanotechnology is so strongly supported by the state.

It is necessary to deal with the relevant issues right now. After all, "chasing   leaders" who are by no means standing in place is always very, very difficult. Yes and it turns out, as practice shows, not  always. The history of our country proves this with  all evidence.

In the  case of nanotechnology, Russia has a unique opportunity to act not in the framework of "catch-up development", but   immediately go to the  cutting edge; not  "rush headlong, trying to jump into the last car", but take a place in the first. But  it should be done today  - tomorrow may be too late.

Work on the development of nanotechnology is very active in  modern Russia. Suffice it to say that only at the special exhibition held within the framework of the XII St. Petersburg economic forum, 80 specific developments were presented at once. And — which is extremely important  - such activities are highly diversified. It does not  close on one or two "mailboxes". It involves scientists and engineers from all over the country.

50 organizations working in various fields of science and technology presented their achievements at once. Of course, among them were Metropolitan organizations (which is quite natural, given the scientific potential concentrated in Moscow). But  many developers represented regions: Saint Petersburg, Tatarstan, Novosibirsk, Tomsk, Irkutsk, Yaroslavl regions, and   T.  D. Finally, and most importantly, the participants   include  academic institutions,  strong, well-known Universities,  manufacturing enterprises in the high-tech sector, and  individual inventors.

Such a wide representation allows us to expect that in the end our scientists and   companies (and   means that ]Russia in as a whole) will be able to achieve success and  gain a foothold in  leading positions.

Nanotechnology   is an area where international cooperation is also extremely important. These tasks are now receiving increased attention. In   December, the first international forum on nanoindustry and applied issues of nanotechnology  is to be held in   Moscow— the issues of its organization were discussed at Presidium Of The Russian Government. There is every opportunity for this forum to become an annual event.

For Russia, interaction with the CIS States is of particular importance. Our competitive advantage is a shared technological culture, similar standards, and, in General, a willingness to "speak the same language" (both figuratively and literally). And, of course, we are all interested in providing our common space with the necessary nanotechnology products on our own and  entering global markets with it — it will undoubtedly be easier to fight on  them together. Here we can only agree with Vladimir Putin: "This could  be another project that unites us — a mutually beneficial and future-oriented project."