DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATIONS AT THE ENTERPRISE

The formation of an innovative economy, in which information technologies play a major role, is a strategic direction for the development of the Russian economy. In developed countries, 80-95% of gross domestic product growth is accounted for by new knowledge embodied in technology. The effectiveness of innovation activity is largely determined by the innovation infrastructure. Innovation infrastructure is a set of interconnected production and technical systems, organizations, firms, and related organizational and management systems that are necessary and sufficient for effective innovation and innovation implementation [1, 6].

The introduction of a new name is one of the most important factors for the successful and efficient operation of the company.

Innovation refers to an innovation that provides a qualitative increase in the efficiency of processes or products that are in demand by the market. But at the same time, innovation is not every innovation, but only one that can improve the efficiency of the current system.

In the modern world, the following trends dominate, which have a powerful impact on the development of the innovative economy and are closely intertwined:

- support for innovative business;

- increasing demand for innovation in the economy;

- development of innovative infrastructure;

- effective integration into the global innovation system;

- implementation of technological and research projects that ensure competitiveness on world markets;

- development of scientific and educational potential;

- formation of a new innovative culture in society and raising the status of an innovator [2].

In the modern sense, the national innovation system – NIS) is a set of national public, private and public organizations and mechanisms for their interaction, within which activities are carried out to create, store and disseminate new knowledge and technologies. An effective NIS is built by the joint efforts of the state, business and scientific environment and forms a system of relationships where innovations serve as the basis for the development of the economy and society. In the center of NIS are enterprises that organize production, striving for its development through innovation. The role of the state as a participant in the NIS is also indisputable. It creates the framework conditions for the functioning of the system, which should include: macroeconomic policy, maintaining and developing a competitive environment, creating and developing a regulatory environment that promotes the development of entrepreneurship, the state of the technological base, creating a favorable tax and investment climate, and creating conditions for international trade.

Innovations can relate not only to engineering and technology, but also to forms of production organization and management. All of them are closely interrelated and are considered high-quality stages in the development of productive forces and increasing production efficiency. Qualitatively new large-scale technologies are able to provide solutions to difficult production tasks that cannot be overcome on the previous technological basis. Innovations allow the organization to successfully perform its activities in already developed areas and allow it to find new directions in its activities [4].

The following factors influence the successful implementation of innovations in an organization:

1) production and technical base;

2) scientific and technical potential;

3) large investments;

4) control system, etc.

Source: https://natural-sciences.ru/ru/article/view?id=34922

Posted: September 2020