Popular questions about innovation

What is innovation?

An innovation that has been introduced or is being implemented to improve the efficiency of processes and (or) improve the quality of products that are in demand by the market. However, for its implementation, innovation must meet current socio-economic and cultural needs. An example of innovation is the introduction to the market of products (goods and services) with new consumer properties or increasing the efficiency of production of a particular product.

A new or significantly improved product (product, service) or process, a new sales method, or a new organizational method in business practice, workplace organization, or external relations.


What is a venture Fund?

This is an investment Fund focused on managing the monetary resources of private investors who want to invest their assets in promising start-UPS, small and medium-sized enterprises with high growth potential. These investments are characterized as high-risk and high-yield.


What is the role of the state in innovation?

A set of measures taken by state authorities of the Russian Federation and state authorities of constituent entities of the Russian Federation in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and the legislation of constituent entities of the Russian Federation in order to create the necessary legal, economic and organizational conditions, as well as incentives for legal entities and individuals engaged in innovative activities.


How does the Ministry of economic development help innovators?

Since 2010, the Ministry of economic development of the Russian Federation has been implementing a project to stimulate innovative activities of companies with state participation through the development and implementation of medium - term (for a five-year period) innovation development programs (hereinafter-PIR).

PIR is a comprehensive tool for the development of innovations in companies, their structure includes activities in the following areas

- Development and implementation of innovative projects.

- Improvement of innovation management mechanisms in companies, including in the field of intellectual property.

- Development of the "open innovation" ecosystem through interaction with small and medium-sized companies, organizations of science, higher education and objects of innovative infrastructure (innovation clusters and technology platforms), development of mechanisms for financing and investment in the innovation sphere (including venture funds).

- Independent expert evaluation of PIR and reports on PIR implementation has been organized.

The list of companies implementing PIR, approved by the decision of the Presidium of the presidential Council for economic modernization and innovative development of Russia dated June 24, 2016, includes 56 state corporations, joint-stock companies and FSUE, which account for more than 60% of Russia's GDP. The current PIR is planned to be implemented by the end of 2020.


How do I register a patent for an invention?

According to the Russian legislation, the subjects of patenting are: the utility model, invention and industrial design. A utility model is a technical solution that can be used in any device. Patent law in Russia is regulated by Chapter 72 of the Civil code of the Russian Federation. The term of the patent depends on the object of patenting and ranges from 5 to 25 years. In Russia, the relevant state body — Rospatent-is responsible for issuing patents. The term of patent registration depends on the object of patenting and the need to perform related procedures.


Where do they teach you how to work with innovative products?

Higher education institutions of the country develop professional development programs and corporate programs in the field of innovation management, innovation infrastructure and innovative entrepreneurship.


What is an innovation process?

IP is associated with the creation, development and dissemination of innovations. There are 3 logical forms of IP: simple intra-organizational (natural), simple inter-organizational (commodity), extended.

A simple IP involves the creation and use of innovations within one and the same organization. With a simple inter-organizational innovation, it acts as an object of purchase and sale. This is manifested in the creation of more and more new manufacturers of innovations, violation of the monopoly of the pioneer manufacturer, which promotes b / w mutual competition to improve the consumer properties of the manufactured goods. As the IP turns into a commodity, its 2 organic phases are distinguished – creation and distribution.

The first one includes the successive stages of scientific research, R & D, the organization of pilot production and sales, the organization of commercial production. At phase 1, the useful effect of the innovation is not yet realized, but only the prerequisites for such implementation are being created. In phase 2, the socially useful effect is redistributed by m / y producers, as well as m/y producers and consumers. As a result of diffusion, not only the number increases, but also the quality characteristics of both producers and consumers change.


What is common and what is the difference between novation and innovation?

Innovations, innovations – the final result of innovative activity, embodied in the form of product-innovation, technological innovation, process-innovation, personnel innovation, financial innovation, organizational innovation, economic innovation, social innovation. On the other hand, innovation is a process in which an invention or an idea acquires an economic content, which b / w the practical use of ideas and inventions leads to the creation of products and technologies that are better in their properties, and if it is focused on economic benefits, profit, the appearance of innovation can lead to additional income. Innovation is interpreted as the transformation of potential scientific and technological progress into a real one, embodied in new products and technologies. Innovation activity begins with innovation.

Innovation is scientific knowledge that has new or significantly different solutions from existing ones.


How does the state's economy change under the influence of innovation?

The strategy of innovators is aimed at surpassing competitors by creating an innovation that will be recognized as unique in a certain area. A large number of people take part in the social process of introducing innovations, as a result of which the factors of the economy change. The process of introducing innovations does not proceed evenly, it is characterized by jerks and jumps.


What is the country's innovation environment?

For the macroeconomic level, the innovation is the creation of an innovative environment, which is represented by a set of:

- industrial districts

- federal special economic zones(a limited territory with a special legal status in relation to the rest of the territory and preferential economic conditions for national and/or foreign entrepreneurs. The main purpose of creating such zones is to solve strategic tasks of the development of the state as a whole or a separate territory: foreign trade, general economic, social, regional and scientific and technical tasks)

- regional special economic zones

- municipal scientific and industrial zones

-technoparks (a subject of innovative infrastructure that creates conditions favorable for the development of entrepreneurship in the scientific and technical sphere in the presence of an equipped information and experimental base and a high concentration of qualified personnel. TP is a form of territorial integration of science, education and production in the form of an association of scientific organizations, design bureaus, educational institutions, industrial enterprises or their divisions. Often technoparks are provided with preferential taxation)

- regional innovation infrastructure (Innovation infrastructure is a set of legal entities, resources and means that provide material and technical, financial, organizational and methodological, information, consulting and other services for innovation activities)

- regional industrial and scientific and technical clusters (Technological cluster - a set of enterprises located on one limited territory and connected by production ties)

Updated: july 2021